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Ramadan Advice For Educators

1st May 2019

 

Dear educational providers,

 

Ramadan is fast approaching, a holy month within Islam requiring Muslims to fast from dawn to dusk, which in the summer months can be up to 13+ hours without food and water.

 

The Minnesota semi-starvation study found that by reducing an individual’s daily calories to half their daily allowance had dramatic effects such as:

  • A substantial increase in food preoccupations, such as odd eating behaviours, obsessions in food/cookbooks/menus, spending the day planning how and what they would eat, binge eating, reports of feeling “out of control with food” and feelings of guilt and shame following a binge.
  • Emotional and personality changes included, depression, anxiety, mood swings, irritability, anger, apathy, hygiene neglect and some psychotic symptoms
  • Social changes in behaviour included being Withdrawn, isolated, decreased sense of humour and increased self-criticism
  • Cognitive Changes included impaired concentration, decreased alertness, reduced comprehension, impaired judgment
  • Physical changes, included gastrointestinal discomfort, dizziness, headache, cold, hair loss, visual & auditory disturbances, loss of muscle mass and decreased basal metabolic rate by 40%.

 

Semi starvation in a medically controlled environment had such drastic effects, but crucially the participants were still permitted to drink water throughout the day during the study. Something that fasting children are not permitted to do.

 

During Ramadan, children from Muslim families are sent to school, without food or water under the excuse of fasting and religious requirement. They are expected to carry on with their day as normal without nourishment and hydration. There have been cases of children passing out from dehydration and hunger in schools during the long and uncomfortable summer days. If this was a child from a non-Muslim family, this would immediately trigger safeguarding concerns regarding child neglect, without the abuse being subjected to cultural or religious debate.

 

These double standards are an abuse of children from Muslim families, first by their parents and then by education providers. This year we ask that children’s health, wellbeing and educational attainment be prioritise ahead of the religious and cultural beliefs of their parents and families. Remember, schools are for learning, not for pandering to the beliefs of the parents. Adults are free to fast if they wish, however, they should not have the right to force children into religious practices that will hinder their education and wellbeing.

 

Should you have any questions or require further information, please do not hesitate to contact me on sadia.hameed@ex-muslim.org.uk

 

Yours Faithfully,

Sadia Hameed

Spokesperson

Council of Ex Muslims of Britain

CROWDFUNDING: Celebrating Sexuality & Apostasy for LGBT Month

PLEASE SUPPORT OUR CROWDFUNDING CAMPAIGN

Council of Ex-Muslims of Britain (CEMB) has fought hard to take part in Gay Pride after the East London Mosque and Mend (Islamist bodies) filed official complaints in 2017 with Pride for our ‘Islamophobic’ placards. It took Pride 8 months to finally allow us to march again in 2018 after we stressed the importance of normalising blasphemy when one can be killed for it.

Since our first participation in Pride, we have worked hard to explain the difference between apostasy/blasphemy and bigotry, to show how minorities within minorities have the right to think and live differently, highlight how homophobia is a pillar of the Islamist movement and that LGBT rights are intrinsically linked to the rights of other minorities, like ex-Muslims and women. We have also tried to reach out to Muslim LGBT groups.

We understand very well the similarities between LGBT Muslims and LGBT ex-Muslims. Both face the same backlash from family and community. LGBT Muslims are ostracised due to their sexuality and LGBT ex-Muslims are disowned for both the sexuality and their apostasy.

Also, CEMB works with a large number of refugees and asylum seekers, all of whom are apostates and some of whom are LGBT. Pride is particularly important to our members as one of the few public spaces where ex-Muslim and gay members can openly assert themselves without fear.

Our work is particularly important given the recent religious justification of homophobia at the Parkfield school in Birmingham and the new stoning sentence for homosexual in Brunei. CEMB is the only group that is critical of Islamic homophobia, focuses on the death penalty in Islamic states, and attempts to normalise and celebrate LGBT rights as well as apostasy and blasphemy.

This year, in July 2019, CEMB will hold a panel discussion bringing together both Muslim and Ex-Muslim speakers to talk about LGBT rights, apostasy and blasphemy. It will be an evening of film, poetry and raise important questions that are matters of life and death for many of us.

We will also be marching again in Gay Pride.

Both the evening event and Pride march will help us highlight the existence of both Muslim and apostate LGBT and will assert the human right to live as we choose, without threats, shunning or persecution.

The funds raise via this crowdfunding page will go towards the organising of the evening LGBT event, including a panel discussion, film screening and poetry. Costs include venue costs, travel and accommodation of speakers and security costs. The funds will also help us establish an exhibition of our iconic actions in defence of gay rights and apostasy, which will be shown at the event.

The funds will also enable us to take part in the London Pride parade and funds raised will be put towards the cost of the application to take part in the parade, placards and banners, props and outfits for those taking part and more.

Our work for LGBT month will help to further the rights of ex-Muslims and LGBT, build bridges between Muslims and ex-Muslims and normalising blasphemy and apostasy.

Thank you so much for those of you who are able to donate; without you we will not be able to carry out our important work, which makes such a difference to the lives of those forced to suffer in silence or forced to live in the closet – be that the LGBT closet, or the apostasy closet.

Council of Ex-Muslims of Britain (CEMB) is both a support service and a campaigning group for the right of individuals that have left Islam.  We exist because apostates from Islam, blasphemers and atheists are executed in a large number of Islamic states. Their only crime being to think for themselves. The very same states, and more – 15 to be exact – also punish homosexuality with the death penalty. Brunei’s new law punishes homosexuality with death by stoning. This, along with protests by fundamentalists in the UK to shun and vilify LGBT and ex-Muslims stresses the importance of our continued defence of the rights of LGBT and ex-Muslims whose lives and rights are intrinsically linked.

Our demand is simple. Equality for all. Individuals ahead of ideas.

Morocco: The situation of people who abjure Islam

Morocco: The situation of people who abjure Islam (who apostatize), including their treatment by society and by the authorities; the repercussions of a fatwa of the High Council of Ulemas condemning apostates to death, including the reaction of the government (2016-April 2018), Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, 24 April 2018

Covering your Internet Tracks Leaflet

COVERING YOUR INTERNET TRACKS

INTRODUCTION

These suggestions are primarily aimed at people that find themselves in need of greater security, privacy, and anonymity for their electronic communications. They assume that your computer is running a version of MS Windows, but again the suggestions can apply to other operating systems or platforms that have similar software.

There is no such thing as a 100% secure communication over an electronic medium such as the global internet or telephony network. Many of the suggestions here do provide varying levels of security, privacy, and anonymity (SPA). When these tools are implemented properly and used in conjunction with each other, your personal SPA will be greatly improved. By covering your tracks, you can reduce your chances of being on the receiving end of any unpleasantness. Needless to say, great care must be taken with your communications. Even with all the security in place, your SPA can still be compromised by the use of weak passphrases, the opening of attachments from unknown senders, inserting USB drives of dubious origins into your computer systems or careless revelations of identifiable details. The user (ie. you) is often the weakest link. Do stay safe by practicing safe computing.

Disclaimer

This is not a complete guide and not all software is covered. Under no circumstances shall the author or CEMB be liable for direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages resulting from the use, misuse, or inability to use the software, even if the author or CEMB has been advised of the possibility of such damages. Ensure you’ve received the permission of the owner or operator of the computer or other devices before attempting any of the suggestions in this article. Use at your own risk.

Although not covered here, you may wish to invest in a number of suitable Faraday pouches or bags to shield your mobile devices from surveillance or theft.

MOBILE DEVICES

Before you can secure your mobile devices it behooves you to reconsider your approach to Contact Management, which can make things easier during subsequent steps. Although this step is optional, it’s highly recommended. The majority of mobile devices run versions of either the Apple iOS or Google Android operating systems. You need to start by updating your contacts. If they are linked/synchronised with an email address (eg. Gmail), then log in to your email account (on a PC) and update your contacts from there. All changes will then propagate to your linked devices, assuming you’ve selected Google in your Contact’s Display Preferences menu.

To update your contacts, change all telephone numbers to the proper international (E.164/ENUM) format. For example, consider the British phone number 07123 456789, you need to do the following to it:

  1. Drop all leading zeros
  2. Remove all non-numeric characters
  3. Prepend the relevant country code

The British phone number 07123 456789 will become +447123456789. This is the preferred format so update all telephone numbers for as many of your contacts as you can. Get into the habit of storing numbers in this format. Make a note of your own number in this format, you’ll need it later.

Always apply all software or operating system updates as soon as they become available. These include much-needed security fixes. If you’re confident and are technically proficient, you may replace the device’s operating system with a custom one like:

For secure encrypted messaging and calling for Android and iOS devices, go to SIGNAL and follow the link to install the SIGNAL PRIVATE MESSENGER application. This is a free, open-source application that makes use of your smartphone’s mobile data connection or wifi calling features. Note that this application is meant to replace your existing default messaging application. You will need to complete a short activation process using your own mobile number (in the above international format), then you’ll be good to go. Remember to activate the WiFi Calling feature on your smartphone, as well as the WiFi Calling and Privacy settings in SIGNAL too.

Another application to note for your mobile device is ORBOT. This lets you route your internet browsing over the TOR network. There are other good privacy-oriented browsers such as TENTA and BRAVE. There are desktop versions of some of the encrypted instant messaging applications below.

Modify each of your wifi network connections (or better still your router, see below) to ensure that you use the IP addresses displayed in the TENTA DNS SETUP GUIDE as your DNS, unless you decide to use QUAD9 (see below).

Disable the wifi and location features if you’re in a public place and they’re not needed, this can easily be done by temporarily enabling the airplane or flight mode feature. Ensure that you encrypt your mobile device. This may take some time, you may want to ensure your device is charging during this crucial step and shouldn’t be interrupted. Afterward, enable PIN / Passcodes and even SIM PIN and Voicemail PIN to further secure your smartphone.

Before you sell or dispose of your mobile device:

  1. Backup/export all your personal or important information (files, images, contacts, etc) to your encrypted cloud or any other external storage.
  2. Delink your device from your Apple or Gmail account.
  3. Delete all images or other personal files from your device.
  4. Clear all messaging and call history, including any notifications and search or browsing history.
  5. Clear all contacts and password keys from your mobile device, inc. SIM.
  6. Uninstall as many applications as you can, inc. clearing SD storage.
  7. Forget all networks or wireless access points.
  8. Ensure that you then encrypt your mobile device again.
  9. Perform a hard reset of your mobile device.
  10. You may then remove the SIM card and battery (if possible), then physically destroy the mobile device if you wish to dispose of it.

For additional security, consider enabling two-factor authentication (2FA) for various online services using a suitably secure authenticator application (avoid 2FA via SMS). Online guides to securing your iPhone are also available here:

ROUTERS / FIREWALLS

If you have access to the router and can update its settings, log in to it using your computer’s web browser then note the existing DNS IP addresses in case you need to undo this step. These would be the addresses for your Internet Service Provider’s DNS. Consider changing the existing DNS IP addresses to ones provided by the following:

DNS RESOLVERS
Service Preferred IPv4 Server Alternative IPv4 Server Preferred IPv6 Server Alternative IPv6 Server
QUAD9 9.9.9.9 149.112.112.112 2620:fe::fe 2620:fe::9
CLOUDFLARE 1.1.1.1 1.0.0.1 2606:4700:4700::1111 2606:4700:4700::1001
OPENDNS 208.67.222.222 208.67.220.220 2620:0:ccc::2 2620:0:ccd::2
ORSN 212.224.71.71 2a01:7e0::212:224:71:71
SECUREDNS 146.185.167.43 2a03:b0c0:0:1010::e9a:3001
ADGUARD DNS 176.103.130.130 176.103.130.131
Publicly Available DNS Servers

Save your updated configuration then restart your router.

When WPA3-certified routers and compatible devices become more readily available, do consider upgrading your hardware to make use of this new wireless standard for improved security. It is also recommended that you have separate MODEM and ROUTER hardware where possible.

A good free anti-malware and firewall will help keep out any intruders. On MS Windows, a good firewall is GLASSWIRE. On Linux, a good firewall is PFSENSE. There are also many others available.

DESKTOP / LAPTOP COMPUTERS

If you’re truly concerned that your privacy may have been compromised, don’t use your own computer. Go to an internet cafe or other public services such as a library and use the computer there if you can. Otherwise, you should be reasonably safe by using your own computer with the following suggestions.

Avoid using versions of MS Windows; these are a relatively non-secure set of Operating Systems. Try to use secure distributions of Linux such as:

The latter can be copied to a USB drive (or optical media such as CD, DVDs, etc) and run on any suitable computer. KALI LINUX is a very useful operating system, geared more towards penetration testing and security auditing. Many of these Linux (and BSD) distributions can be run directly from optical media or USB so you can use them before installing anything on your computer. Take the time to learn about open-source operating systems, start by bookmarking the DISTROWATCH site.

If you’re running a version of MS Windows, encrypt your hard drive (or at the very least the partition/drive that holds your personal files). You can use VERACRYPT.

If you don’t have access to your router or are unable to update your DNS configuration (as in the above section), then you should use the older SIMPLE DNSCRYPT software on your computer. Remember to modify your adapter settings (via your Control Panel > Network Connections or type ncpa.cpl from the command line, then from the popup, update IPv4) to ensure that the preferred DNS is set to 127.0.0.1. Once this is configured and the DNS cache has been flushed, your computer will then use the new DNS.

You may also test whether your computer is leaking your DNS queries, with instructions on how to resolve them here: DNS LEAK TEST.

If you want to make use of the Cloud to store your personal files, then opt for secure zero-knowledge services like TRESORIT.

To make use of the various anonymisation networks, you can install either:

They may need some configuration but they are recommended if you wish to conduct your online communications anonymously. Take great care to configure them as a Relay, not as an Exit Node. Many well-known social media and other hidden services, including illicit services, are accessible via these anonymisation networks which provide improved end-to-end security.

A very useful application is BATCHPURIFIER. This tool can help remove your hidden information or metadata from multiple files (eg. photos or images). The metadata can be used to trace when, where and how the file was created (among other things). Removing all this information from files before you store or share them will greatly aid your security, privacy, and anonymity (SPA).

To hide your messages in other files, you can use free steganography software like:

Share these modified files by first uploading them to an anonymous service (see below).

Another great application is KEEPASS PASSWORD SAFE. This is a free, open-source password manager that lets you store your many passwords securely. There are versions for Android and iOS for use on mobile devices.

Email is a very important service for many reasons. Presently there are many email service providers that offer varying levels of security. However, most suffer from one significant flaw: their metadata is sent with the message in clear text. This does not bode well for your SPA. As a result of recent events, efforts are underway to completely redesign email for the modern era with intrinsic security known as Email 3.0.

The DARK MAIL TECHNICAL ALLIANCE is leading the effort, the protocols have a name: DIME. To date, the following providers offer DIME emails: LAVABIT and ONIONBIT.

But what if you’re unable to use the new DIME email services? There is a simple process that you can use to communicate using any email service. Here’s how it works:

  1. Person A registers with a new email account and notes the login credentials (ie. username and password).
  2. Person A logs in and drafts a message, but does not send it. The message is saved in the drafts folder.
  3. Person A logs out.
  4. Person A gives the login credentials to their trusted contact Person B, in person.
  5. Person B then logs in to the same email account.
  6. Person B can then read the saved message from Person A in the drafts folder, then deletes it.
  7. Person B replies by creating a new message and saving that into the drafts folder.
  8. Person B logs out.
  9. Person A can then log back in and read the saved message from Person B before composing a reply as above.

This communication can take place without a single message being emailed through any server or domain, which makes surveillance very difficult. This requires the participants to access the same email account and some degree of coordination between them. Also, remember to change your email settings to disallow tracking and other so-called features. There are many helpful tips available online, specifically how to improve your email’s SPA.

Your browsers are important too:

If your Operating System is a 64-bit OS, use 64-bit versions of these browsers. Firefox is recommended for security. Be sure to keep them updated and configured properly at all times. Do remember to disable any tracking or DNS prefetching before use.

There are many useful applications, settings and browser tests detailed in:

You may also test whether your browser is protected against online tracking techniques, instructions on how to resolve them here: PANOPTICLICK.

Set your home pages in all browsers to either:

Also, bookmark and use the following sites:

The OTR site lets you send self-destructing messages and files to your contacts, anonymously. A facility for encrypted chat is also available. This is purely browser-based, no installation of any software is necessary. In each browser you should search for and install the following extensions/add-ons/plugins:

There are also free applications that can be downloaded and installed for secure instant messaging:

You should also consider using services or extensions that function as secure VPNs such as:

These let you route your browsing activities through virtual private networks or remote proxies located in different jurisdictions. Do not access your email, financial or other personal sites through them, unless they have sufficient security in place, nor should you use any untrusted proxy with handling your personal business (ie. those that require login credentials or financial information). Multi-hop / cascading VPN providers like PERFECT PRIVACY provide some advantages over other services. Ensure that whichever browser you use, you’re familiar with its Incognito or Private Browsing Mode and that it’s configured to clear its cache automatically when it’s closed.

Further information and reviews are contained in these excellent articles:

After emptying your computer’s Recycle Bin, you may use some useful MS Windows commands, eg. CIPHER ensures that no deleted file in a directory can be recovered.

Other useful software:

  • JAMI – Alternative to Skype.
  • MASTODON – Alternative to Twitter.
  • MINDS – Alternative to Facebook.
  • DISCORD – Alternative to Skype and TeamSpeak.
  • STREMIO – Alternative to Kodi and Plex.
  • TURTL – Alternative to Evernote.
  • JOPLIN – Alternative to Evernote.
  • LIBREOFFICE – Alternative to Microsoft Office.
  • ETCHER – Burn images to SD Cards and USB drives.
  • ZULU – Alternative to Oracle Java SDK.

There is a great deal of information available regarding counter-surveillance that couldn’t be included because it’s outside the scope of this article.

SUMMARY

On mobile devices, secure communication is of the utmost importance. Install the free open-source application SIGNAL on your smartphone. There is also a version of Signal available for desktop computers. Phone encryption and periodic clearance of search and location histories are advised. Set a strong passphrase and the remote lock, locate and erase feature.

On computers, many tools can be installed but some websites can be accessed by any modern browser. Check your browser’s privacy and security settings and schedule it to clear your entire cache and history (especially when your browser is closed) periodically. Limit your cached web content to 0MB and enable tracking protection. Ensure you sign up to a DIME-compliant email service. Updating your DNS / Router settings is highly recommended. Harden your social media privacy settings (SECURE FACEBOOK or FACEBOOK PRIVACY) by placing your associates in distinct groups and setting their permissions accordingly, or better yet, try to keep your presence on social media to a minimum. Remember to log out of every site that you had logged into when you are done. Be aware that an increasing quantity of your personal information, contacts, views, habits, and locations can be scraped from your online presence and sold to third parties. If this point is of particular concern, consider using MINDS and MASTODON.

Hopefully, the information detailed here will help you cover your internet tracks more effectively and assure your personal safety.

Join us on 10 December for an End-Year celebration

Dear friend

End-Year drinks

We hope you will be able to join Council of Ex-Muslims of Britain (CEMB) for an end-year celebration on Sunday 10 December 2017 from 2-6pm near London Kings Cross.

Speakers will include Human Rights Campaigner Peter Tatchell, CEMB spokespersons Maryam Namazie and Sadia Hameed, Morrocan Ex-Muslim Council Founder Imad Iddine Habib and Jordanian atheist Mohammed AlKhadra, amongst others. There will be music by DJ Zee Jay, dancing, comedy by Kate Smurthwaite and more. It will be a fun, relaxing afternoon with CEMB friends and activists.

Tickets are £25, including a drink and appetisers. The event is selling out fast so get your ticket today. (Please note: No tickets will be sold at the door. Venue details will be sent to those who have purchased tickets.)

We certainly hope to see you there or if you don’t live in London, at events we will be speaking at, including in Boston, NYC, Stockholm and Melbourne.

Just recently, we returned from the 10th anniversary celebrations of the Council of Ex-Muslims of Germany in Cologne. A video marking the anniversary can be seen here. See also an interesting interview with ex-Muslim Rana Ahmad about being an atheist in Saudi Arabia filmed at that event.

Also recently, Maryam reviewed a new book by “religious scholar” Reza Aslan in The Freethinker. You can read it here: God: A Human History – a rescue attempt by Reza Aslan.

International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women

To mark 25 November, ex-Muslims from CEMB, Atheist Republic, Ex-Muslims of Jordan, Muslimish and others called for the rejection of verse 4:34 in the Quran which promotes violence against women. Religiously sanctioned violence against women is still violence against women – the Quran is no exception. See video here: Say No to Quran 4:34. #Quran434NoMore.

Support Us

Thank you for your wonderful support over the past year. We hope you will continue to support our work and join us at various actions and events. If you would like to donate to our work, please do so. Any amount helps and no amount is too small. If you would like to volunteer with our organisation, too, please get in touch. We are currently looking for professional graphic designers and also a filmmaker to edit and finalise a short film on ex-Muslim women.

If we don’t see you at our end-year event, have a lovely holiday and New Year and hope to work together in the coming year towards ending blasphemy and apostasy laws and for secularism and free expression.

Warm wishes
Maryam Namazie and Sadia Hameed
Spokespersons
CEMB, BM Box 1919, London, WC1N 3XX
exmuslimcouncil@gmail.com
ex-muslim.org.uk

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